|March 26, 2016|
Image:Ada Lovelace 1838.jpg|thumb|200px|right|Ada Lovelace
Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace (December 10, 1815 – November 27, 1852) is mainly known for having written a description of
Charles Babbage's early mechanical general-purpose computer, the analytical engine.
Ada was the only legitimate child of the poet George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron|Lord Byron and his wife, Anne Isabella Milbanke|Annabella Milbanke. Ada was named after Byron's half-sister, Augusta Leigh, by whom he was rumoured to have fathered a child. It was Augusta who encouraged Byron to marry to avoid scandal, and he reluctantly chose Annabella. On January 16, 1816, Annabella left Byron, taking 1-month old Ada with her. On April 21, Byron signed the Deed of Separation and left England for good a few days later. He was never allowed to see either again.
Ada lived with her mother, as apparent in her father's correspondence concerning her. Lady Byron was also highly interested in mathematics (Lord Byron once called her "the queen of parallelograms"), which dominated her life, even after marriage. Her obsession with rooting out any of the insanity of which she accused Lord Byron was one of the reasons why Annabella taught Ada mathematics at an early age. She was privately schooled in mathematics and science; one of her tutors was Augustus De Morgan. An active member of London society, she was a member of the Bluestockings in her youth.
Image:Ada Lovelace.jpg|thumb|200px|left|Ada Lovelace
In 1835 she married William King, 1st Earl of Lovelace|William King, 8th Baron King, later Earl of Lovelace|1st Earl of Lovelace. They had three children; Byron born 12 May 1836, Annabella (Lady Anne Blunt) born 22 September 1837 and Ralph Gordon born 2 July 1839. The family lived at Ockham Park, at Ockham, Surrey. Her full name and title for most of her married life was The Right Honourable Augusta Ada, Countess of Lovelace. She is widely known in modern times simply as Ada Lovelace.
She knew Mary Somerville, noted researcher and scientific author of the 19th century, who introduced her in turn to Charles Babbage on June 5, 1833. Other acquaintances were David Brewster|Sir David Brewster, Charles Wheatstone, Charles Dickens and Michael Faraday.
During a nine-month period in 1842-1843, Ada translated for Babbage Italian mathematician Luigi Menabrea's memoir on Babbage's newest proposed machine, the Analytical Engine. With the article, she appended Ada Byron's notes on the analytical engine|a set of Notes which specified in complete detail a method for calculating Bernoulli numbers with the Engine, recognized by historians as the world's first computer program. Biographers note, however, that the programs were written by Babbage himself, and Lovelace simply found a mistake in the program for calculating Bernoulli numbers and sent it back for amendment. The evidence and correspondence between Lovelace and Babbage indicate that he wrote all of the programs in the notes appended to the Menebrea translation. Her prose acknowledged some possibilities of the machine which Babbage never published, such as speculating that "the Engine might compose elaborate and scientific pieces of music of any degree of complexity or extent."
Ada Lovelace died at 36 after being Bloodletting|bled to death by her physicians; she had uterine cancer. Thus, she died, ironically, not only at the same age as her father did, but even of the same cause - the mistaken custom of bloodletting. She left two sons and a daughter, Lady Anne Blunt, famous in her own right as a traveller in the Middle East and a breeder of Arabian horses.
At her own request, Lovelace was buried next to the father she never knew at the Church of St. Mary Magdalene, Hucknall|Church of St. Mary Magdalene in Hucknall, Nottingham.
Biographers have noted that Lovelace struggled with mathematics, and there is some debate as to whether Lovelace understood deeply the concepts behind programming Babbage's engine, or was more of a figurehead used by Babbage for public relations purposes.
As an early woman in computing, Lovelace occupies a politically sensitive space in the canon of historical figures in computer science, and therefore the extent of her contribution versus Babbage's remains difficult to assess based on current sources.
Category:1815 births|Lovelace, Ada
Category:1852 deaths|Lovelace, Ada
Category:Computer pioneers|Lovelace, Ada
Category:British mathematicians|Lovelace, Ada
Category:British scientists|Lovelace, Ada
Category:Women scientists|Lovelace, Ada
Category:Women computer scientists|Lovelace, Ada
Category:British women|Lovelace, Ada
cs:Augusta Ada King
gl:Ada Augusta Lovelace
no:Ada Byron Lovelace
GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ada Lovelace".
All informatin on the site is © www.diseases-diagnosis.com 2002-2011. Last revised: January 2, 2011|
Are you interested in our site or/and want to use our information? please read how to contact us and our copyrights.
To let us provide you with high quality information, you can help us by making a more or less donation: