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 [F] Diseases Research  / PubMed Research Articles  /
Compassionate and self-image goals as interpersonal maintenance factors in clinical depression and anxiety.




Journal of clinical psychology 2017 Sep 12; ()


Erickson TM1; Granillo MT2; Crocker J3; Abelson JL4; Reas HE5; Quach CM6;

Author Information
  • 1Seattle Pacific University, WA, USA.
  • 2Con Mi Madre, TX, USA.
  • 3The Ohio State University, OH, USA.
  • 4University of Michigan, MI, USA.
  • 5Seattle Pacific University, WA, USA.
  • 6Seattle Pacific University, WA, USA.


OBJECTIVE: Interpersonal models of depression and anxiety have not examined the role of interpersonal goals in shaping relationships and symptoms. Striving to promote/protect desired self-images (self-image goals) may undermine relationships and increase symptoms, whereas striving to support others (compassionate goals) may be protective, but clinical relevance is unknown.

METHOD: We tested effects of compassionate versus self-image goals on interpersonal functioning and symptoms in clinically depressed and/or anxious participants (N = 47) during 10 days of experience sampling, over a 6-week follow-up, and in a dyadic relationship.

RESULTS: Participants reported higher conflict and symptoms on days that they most pursued self-image goals, but noted higher perceived support and lower symptoms when pursuing compassionate goals. Goals prospectively predicted symptom changes 6 weeks later. Lastly, informant-rated interpersonal goals predicted relationship satisfaction of both patients and significant others.

CONCLUSION: Results suggest the relevance of self-image and compassionate goals for the interpersonal maintenance of depression and anxiety.

© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.




Publication Type: Journal Article

This article is licensed under the the National Library of Medicine License. It uses material from the PubMed National Library of Medicine Data.

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