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Sunday, June 18th, 2017
Table of Contents

1 Introduction
5 PMID
 [F] Diseases Research  / PubMed Research Articles  /
Prevalence and correlates of light and non-daily smoking in Brazil: Results from a nationwide representative survey.

PubMed

 

Resource

Drug and alcohol dependence 2017 Jun 17; 178()

Authors

Formagini TDB1; Gomide HP2; Perales J3; Colugnati FAB4;

Author Information
  • 1Department of Postgraduate in Psychology, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
  • 2Department of Postgraduate in Psychology, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
  • 3Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Kansas Medical Center, KS, USA.
  • 4Department of Postgraduate in Psychology, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brazil; Medical School, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Electronic address: fernando.colugnati@ufjf.edu.br.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The research of light (≤10 cigarettes per day) and non-daily smokers in developing countries including Brazil is scarce despite the high prevalence of these groups among smokers and health risks associated to low-level smoking.

OBJECTIVE: To describe health and smoking characteristics of Brazilian adult light and non-daily smokers.

METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2013 Brazilian National Health Research survey (n=48,282).

RESULTS: The prevalence of current manufactured cigarette smoking in the total sample was 12.4%. Among these smokers, 12.8% were non-daily smokers (NDS), 47.4% were light smokers (LS) and 39.8% were moderate/heavy smokers (MHS). Bivariate analysis showed that non-daily smoking was associated with higher odds of poor self-rated health, binge drinking and lung diseases compared to never smokers (ORs=1.2; 5.9 and 1.9). Light smoking was associated with higher odds of poor self-rated health, binge drinking, depression, use of sleeping pills and lung diseases (ORs=1.3; 4.3; 1.4; 1.2 and 2.0). After controlling for sex and age, non-daily smoking was associated with lung disease (OR=2.2) and light smoking with depression and lung diseases (ORs=1.3 and 1.8). Smoking levels were associated with living with same-level smokers in bivariate and multivariate analyses.

CONCLUSION: A large proportion of smokers in Brazil are light and non-daily smokers, carrying substantial health risks related to tobacco use. Longitudinal research is needed to provide further evidence of associations found in this study. Public health policies must take the different smoking patterns into consideration to effectively target all smokers and reduce the harmful consequences of tobacco worldwide.

Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID

28623806

Others

Publication Type: Journal Article


This article is licensed under the the National Library of Medicine License. It uses material from the PubMed National Library of Medicine Data.


Last Modified:   2016-03-27


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